Treatment & Vaccination for pets
Annai Pet Clinic provides top-quality treatment and the best vaccination of pets, including vaccination schedule for dog and vaccination schedule for cat to ensure their well-being. We understand the importance of vaccination of pets and emphasize it as part of our preventive care approach, along with offering expert guidance on pet foods. Our experienced team of veterinarians offers a range of services, from routine medical consultations, surgeries, and diagnostics to 24/7 emergency services for those unexpected situations. We also provide specialized treatment options, such as orthopedic care, dermatology, and dentistry, for pets with specific needs. At Annai Pet Clinic, we’re dedicated to keeping your furry family members healthy and happy.
Vaccination Schedule For Dogs And Cats
|Name of the Vaccine
|Age of Vaccine
|Kennel Cough (Optional)
VACCINATION SCHEDULE FOR CATS
Deworming Guidelines For Dogs
Only a healthy pet is a good companion. Assuring your pet’s daily well being requires regular care and attention to any hint of ill health. Consult us if your pet shows any of the following signs:
feeding your pet
A well balanced diet should contain right amount of proteins for proper growth. fats for skin health and normal growth, carbohydrates for energy, vitamins and minerals for several metabolic functions of the body. Adequate water should be provided along with regular feed.
GROOMING AND BATHING
Brush everyday for few minutes to keep your pet dean. It also reduces hair fall. prevents ectoparasites and gives a good look to your pet. It is advised to give bath once in 10 to 15 days.
Pets require daily exercise to maintain a healthy bodily state, heart function and muscle tone. The level of exercise your pet requires depends on its breed natural activity level and its function.
Why is vaccination important?
All dogs are at risk of exposure to various infectious diseases, some of which are life threatening. Others such as rabies also pose a public health risk. Vaccine to prevent common infectious diseases supports the first goal of medicine; disease prevention. Prevention of infectious disease is more beneficial to your pet than treating disease once it occurs. In general viral infections cannot be treated, but symptoms may be managed by medication. Preventive vaccination is one of the more reliable and cost effective methods of health care available to a pet owner.
How does vaccination work?
Vaccines contain killed and modified (weakened) forms of viruses or bacteria. They stimulate production of protective antibodies in healthy animals that neutralize the Virus or bacteria if the animals are later exposed. Some vaccines contain combinations of several virus or bacteria that immunize against several diseases, minimizing inconvenience to the owner and discomfort for the pet.
Why do puppies require more frequent vaccinations than older dogs?
Nursing puppies ingest antibodies from their mothers through colostrums. These maternal antibodies provide early protection against infectious disease. However, they also neutralize the immunizing against vaccines. Maternal antibodies naturally during the first three to four months of life & eventually disappear. For this reason, puppies should receive a series of vaccines beginning about six weeks of age. This increases the likelihood of long-term protection from vaccination as soon as maternal antibody levels have declined below protective levels.
How often should my dog be vaccinated?
Immunity to diseases gradually declines over time, so periodic vaccinations are generally needed. Frequency of vaccination is dependent on your dog’s lifestyle, age & risk of disease exposure. Your veterinarian can determine the appropriate vaccination interval based on your pets need & individual circumstances.
What about the potential risks of vaccination?
The benefits of vaccination far outweigh the relatively small risk of vaccine-related adverse effects. Allergic reactions to vaccination & injection-site irritation are uncommon, but they do occur. Your veterinarian Can advise you of the possible risks associated vaccination and the steps to take if vaccine-related reactions occur.
Common Intestinal Parasites Which Need To Prevented
HOOKWORMS (Ancylostoma spp):
Common in young dogs and cats. Hookworm infestation can cause a Severe and fatal anemia in the the young,weak, or malnourished animals. Clinical signs are weight loss, diarrhea, bloody tarry & stools. Sometimes the worms are seen in the feces.
Public health significance:
The hookworm larvae can penetrate human skin & potentially cause a skin problem called ‘cutaneous larva migrans’ or ‘creeping eruption’.
ROUNDWORMS (Toxocara spp):
Common in young dogs and cats. Animals are infected by ingestion of other infected animals (rats); or, by pre-natal infection. Roundworms can cause poor hair coat, diarrhea, ill-thrift pot-bellied appearance, and sometimes secondary bacterial pneumonia. Worms can sometimes be vomited up or seen in the feces.
Public health significance :
Roundworm larvae can penetrate human skin. The migrating larva can affect various organs in the body-causing mechanical damaged and granulomas. This disease is called ‘Visceral larva migrans.”
TAPEWORMS (Dipylidium, Taenia spp & Echinococcus) :
The adult cestodes in the intestine of dogs and cats. The Diplidium spp obtained by eating an infected flea. The Taenia spp can be transmitted by eating infected small mammals (rats). The Echinococcus is transmitted by eating infected animal meat by the dog. The signs can be failure to grow or to put on weight in presence of adequate quantity and quality of feed, shaggy coat, diarrhea, or lethargy.
Public health significance :
People can become infected with the Echinococcus and Taenia spp by association with infected dogs or infected meat.
This a common protozoan disease of all animals. Clinical signs can be unapparent, continuous, or persistent with diarrhea and weight loss.
Public health significance :
People can become infected by fecal-oral transmission, which includes drinking untreated water (rivers and streams).
This a common parasite which infects cats. It is important because of its Zoonotic potential. Toxoplasma is shed in the fecal material of cats. It is not contagious until it has sporulated, about 3 days after being shed in the feces.
Public health significance :
It women are exposed to Toxoplasma for the first time while pregnant, their baby can have serious congenital problems. However most of the people get the infection by eating improperly washed vegetables & improperty cook meat
WHIPWORMS (Trichuris) :
Canine distemper :
It is a highly contagious disease of dogs, coyotes, raccoons, minks and ferrets. It is caused by virus that is easily spread by contact with mucous and watery secretions discharged from the eyes and nose of infected dog. Infection may also occur from exposure to urine, fecal material, and through the air. Distemper is 90% fatal in dogs. Signs of Distemper include squinting, congestion of the eyes & nose, animals Biphasic fever. Sometimes there is weight loss. vomiting, poor appetite, diarrhea. bronchitis and pneumonia. In some cases, no signs are observed until seizures begin. Occasionally the virus affects the foot pads resulting in “hard pad”.
Canine Parvo :
It is highly contagious disease. Parvovirus attacks the intestines & causes shedding of the inner layer of the intestine. Clinical signs include vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, depression & bloody diarrhea with a very foul odour. Infected animals rapidly dehydrate & severe cases progress to shock and death. Early, vigorous treatment of illness caused by canine parvovirus infection can save lives. Maternal antibodies are antibodies against viruses which are passed from mother to puppies through the “first milk” or colostrum which provides the puppy with an immediate temporary or passive immunity. The mother obtains these antibodies from prior vaccination or by natural exposure to parvovirus. However, maternal antibody is a two-edged sword; it protects the puppy against disease early in life. but it also blocks active immunization (the puppy’s immune response to vaccinations). In the case of Parvovirus, maternal antibody can interfere with vaccination for as long as 14 to 16 weeks of age in some pups. A refractory period can exist in some pups were very low, almost undetectable levels of maternal antibody will inhibit vaccination process but will not prevent parvovirus infection. Since the level of maternal antibody varies from puppy to puppy, it is important to begin vaccination at an early age of 6 weeks and repeat every 3-4 weeks until the puppy is at least 21 weeks old.
It is of two types :
Canine corona :
Dogs are at higher risk of parvovirus present along with coronavirus. Diarrhea and vomiting caused by these viruses can be fatal due to dehydration and loss of appetite. Unvaccinated puppies and young dogs are most commonly affected because they usually have not been previously exposed or vaccinated and are susceptible to infection. Viral enteritis is easily spread because of the large volume of virus in feces. Severe cases of viral enteritis may be fatal due to dehydration and loss of appetite.
Infectious Canine Hepatitis :
It is a multisystemic disease that primarily affects the liver (hence the narne hepatitis) along with kidneys, spleen and lungs. This is caused by CAV Type I virus. Infected dogs typically develop fever and abnormal bleeding, and experience loss of white blood cells, which are a key component of the immune system. Opacity of the eye (“blue eye”) occurs in some cases. Death, chronic hepatitis or severe illness may occur, and recovery may be gradual in nonfatal cases. CAV-1 is shed in urine and can survive outside the host for weeks or months. It is spread primarily through contact infected urine. Your, dogs are most at risk.
Canine Leptospirosis :
This is an acute infection caused by the Leptospira spirochete bacteria. This can be a mild to fatal disease with signs ranging from fever & anorexia to signs resulting from liver and kidney failure. Transmission is through infected urine of dogs & rats. This is a zoonotic disease, meaning that people can be infected with organism. The vaccination is recommended for dogs that go for hunting & for those dogs exposed to ponds, drainage ditches. etc.,
It is a fatal disease Of warm-blooded animals including humans. The disease is usually spread when an infected animal bites another animal or person. The bitten animal or person will not become infected, unless the saliva of the sick animal contains the rabies virus at the time of the bite. Dogs & cats are the most commonly infected domestic animals.